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Explainer: Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA)

The Citizenship (Amendment) Rules, 2024 have been released by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) today. These guidelines will specify the steps and prerequisites needed for qualified individuals to apply for Indian citizenship in accordance with the terms of the 2019 Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA-2019). The religious minorities, viz., Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Hindus, from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan who arrived in India prior to December 31, 2014, because of persecution or were afraid of being persecuted on account of their faith, the CAA-2019 offers a route to Indian citizenship. The documentation, forms, and other requirements that must be met by anyone wishing to apply for citizenship under this act will be detailed in the regulations notified by the MHA.

An important step towards operationalizing the CAA-2019 has been taken with the notification of the Citizenship (Amendment) Rules, 2024. This ensures efficiency and transparency in the process of granting citizenship to eligible applicants and clarifies the procedures. The CA Rules 2024 will provide clarification and direction to applicants and pertinent authorities engaged in the CAA-2019’s implementation.

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